The Importance of Controlling CarbohydratesIf you have diabetes - you know the importance of
controlling carbs in your meals and
maintaining a strict diet. You need to keep your carbohydrate consumption to a
minimum each day in order to keep your blood sugar steady. This article will
take a look at the types of diabetes and how diet is used to control each type.
Type 1 Diabetes usually manifests itself in childhood or as a young adult. This type of diabetes causes the diabetic to become insulin dependent which means they need to inject insulin everyday because their pancreas does not manufacture enough of it to keep blood sugar levels down. This is the less common type of diabetes and affects only 10% of diabetes sufferers. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes include nausea, vomiting, weight loss, exhaustion, excessive thirst, frequent urination and constant hunger.
Type 2 Diabetes -In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces enough insulin but the cells of the body resist it therefore it cannot be utilized by the body. Hence, this type of diabetes is also referred to as insulin resistant diabetes. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes include tingling and numbness of the feet, skin infections with slow to heal wounds or sores, and blurred vision.
For people with type 1 diabetes, it is important to eat at regular meal times, adhere to a strict diabetic diet and get plenty of exercise to keep weight under control. For these diabetics, the amount of carbohydrates that is consumed each day is determined by the amount of insulin that the doctor prescribes.
For those with type 2 diabetes, following a diabetic diet as well as exercise play an important role in controlling blood sugar levels. Diabetics that are at their ideal weight can consume half of their calories from natural carbohydrates. Diabetics that are overweight should limit carbohydrates to 40%.
The glycemic index is a useful tool for diabetics. It can be used when menu planning because it is basically a list of foods ranked according to their carbohydrate levels and how quickly they affect blood glucose levels.
Diabetics need to consume a low carb diet. The best cereals, bread, pasta, and rice that should be used is whole grain. In addition, nuts and seeds, fresh vegetables and fruits, and dried beans are also good to add to their diets. On the other hand, white rice, white potatoes, low fiber cereal, candy, and beverages with sugar must be avoided.
Be sure to consult with your doctor or dietician with any questions or concerns about your diabetic diet. You should also check with your doctor to make sure you are eating properly for controlling carbs for the type of diabetes that you have.