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                                           COFFEE MAKERS




   
Drinking coffee is a pastime of millions of people all over the world. Coffee machines make it possible to meet the demand of all these people. Without coffee makers, it would not be possible.

   Well, maybe not quite impossible...
 
During the years of the opening of the wild west in the United States, some cowboys made their coffee by straining ground coffee in a clean sock and then dousing the socks in cold water. Then they heated the cold coffee water over a campfire and drank it from tin cups.

      The first coffee machine (a percolator) was invented in 1818 by Mr. Laurens, a Parisian metal smith. The machine was continually modified and new versions of his coffee machine continued to emerge until 1960.

   This is when the first paper filters for coffee machines were put into use. This simple change created an unbelievable increase in coffee machine sales.

   People had always wanted the product, but didn’t like the time it took to clean up and prepare with the cloth filters.

   Coffee makers have changed in design as well. The early ones were just created to do the job; no one really cared what they looked like.

 
                

  Today’s coffee makers come in all colors and sizes to accessorize nicely in any kitchen. There are also many different brands of coffee machines, and each has their own unique looks to attract consumers.

   Percolators and Drip Pots

  
A coffee percolator, or caffettiera, is a type of pot used to brew coffee. The French developed the "pumping percolator," in which boiling water in a bottom chamber forces itself up a tube and then trickles (percolates) through the ground coffee back into the bottom chamber.

   Coffee percolators once enjoyed great popularity, but were supplanted in the early 1970s by automatic drip coffee makers, and more recently by the French press, as well as a renewed interest in espresso coffee. Percolators still have a following, since the coffee has a distinctive quality that some particularly appreciate.

A blue Alaska brand drip coffeemaker.   In 1972, the first automatic drip-brew coffeemaker for home use, Mr. Coffee, was introduced. It combined aspects of both the drip-brew process and the percolating process with the added feature of heating up the water using an electric element in a separate chamber. Drip coffeemakers are currently the most popular way of making coffee at home because of their convenience; however, some people feel that the taste complexity of coffee is lost when this method is used.

  
Mr. Coffee has been the leading coffee machine manufacturer in the United States for centuries. This is because the company continually changes or adds new products to meet the needs of the consumer. Bunn coffee makers lead the industry in commercial drip-brew coffee maker sales.



Vacuum coffee brewer   Vacuum brewers operated based on the vacuum principle. The Napier Vacuum Machine, invented in 1840, was an early example of this type. While generally excessively complex for everyday use, vacuum devices were prized for producing a clear brew, and were actually quite popular up until the middle of the twentieth century.

   The principle of a vacuum brewer was to heat water in a lower vessel until expansion forced the contents through a narrow tube into an upper vessel containing ground coffee. When the lower vessel was empty and sufficient brewing time had elapsed, the heat was removed and the resulting vacuum would draw the brewed coffee back through a strainer into the lower chamber, from which it could be decanted.

(I stopped using my Vacuum brewer around 1952; it really wasn't that easy to use and clean.
Webmaster Comment)

   Espresso Makers

  
An espresso machine is used to produce the traditionally Italian coffee beverage called espresso. A professional operator of such a machine is called a barista. The knowledge required in making the finest espresso is considered to be a craft, similar to artisan baking.
  
The act of producing a shot of espresso is colloquially termed pulling a shot, because old lever-style espresso machines required pulling a long handle to produce a shot.  When the brew process begins, pressurized water at 200±9°F and approximately 130 PSI, is forced into a grouphead and through ground coffee in a portafilter. Water cooler than the ideal zone causes sourness; hotter than the ideal zone causes bitterness. High-quality espresso machines control the temperature of the brew water within a few degrees of the ideal.

   This process produces a rich, almost syrupy beverage by extracting and emulsifying the oils in the ground coffee.

   Varying the fineness of the grind, the amount of pressure used to tamp the grinds, or the pump pressure itself can be used to bring the extraction time into this ideal zone. Most prefer to pull espresso shots directly into a pre-heated demitasse or shot glass, to maintain the ideal temperature of the espresso.

   An espresso machine also has a steam wand which is used to steam and froth milk for milk based espresso beverages such as the cappuccino and latte.

   Coffee Press

   A French press, also known as a press pot, coffee press, coffee plunger or cafetičre, is a coffee brewing device popularized by the French. Its operation is simple and it produces a stronger coffee than other devices.

   A French press consists of a narrow cylindrical jug usually made of glass or clear plastic, equipped with a lid and a "plunger" which fits tightly in the cylinder and which has a fine wire or nylon mesh acting as a filter. Coffee is brewed by placing the coffee and water together, leaving to brew for a few minutes, then depressing the plunger to separate the coffee at the bottom of the jug.

   Because the coffee grounds are in direct contact with the brewing water, coffee brewed with the French press captures more of the coffee's flavor and essential oils, which would become trapped in a traditional drip brew machine's paper filters. French pressed coffee is usually stronger and thicker and has more sediment than drip-brewed coffee.

  
Because the used grounds remain in the drink after brewing, French pressed coffee should be served immediately so as to not become bitter from over-extraction. A typical 8-cup French press is considered expired after 20 minutes.

   Coffee for use in a French press should be of a consistent, coarse grind. The use of a burr mill grinder gives a more consistent grind than the whirling blade variety.


Coffee Machines available at the Coffee Shop,
and mugs, gifts, grinders, gourmet coffee beans, too.



  Follow the advice in this website and you'll have your friends and family eagerly responding to your next call of
                   
                           "Anyone for Coffee?"
 


 
 

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Did You Know? - Despite the name, the French press is not noticeably more popular in France than in other countries. In most French households, coffee is usually prepared by drip brewing, using an electric coffeemaker and paper filters. In bars and restaurants, an espresso machine is used.

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